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John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937) founded the Standard Oil Company and became one of the wealthiest people (adjusted for inflation) in human history. Though Rockefeller was frequently criticized for his aggressive business tactics, the Rockefeller family devoted great energy to philanthropic and public policy efforts. It included such prominent figures as Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (1908-1979), who served as both governor of New York and vice president of the United States (1974-1977).